What is the APGAR test for babies?


We know that after having spent 9 months wishing to meet your baby on the day of his birth you will want to meet him as soon as possible, but you should remain calm for a few minutes and wait for the doctors to examine your baby.

An obstetrician or a team of nurses are the ones who will examine your baby to see how it is evolving and if it needs to receive complementary or emergency help during its first minutes while outside the womb.

This test or clinical examination is performed during the first and fifth minute, in some situations a third review may be required.  After this you can meet and carry your baby to breastfeed.

Virginia Apgar was the doctor who started using this scoring system, now bears her name and allows to calculate the general condition of all newborns.

What is evaluated in the APGAR test?

  • Appearance. Skin color.  If it is pale blue, pink with blue limbs or has a full pink body.
  • Pulse. Heart rate evaluated with stethoscope.  To know if there are no beats, if you have less than 100 beats per minute or if it is greater than 100 beats per minute.
  • Reflexes. Stimulation response.  As a reflection of its irritability, the baby undergoes some stimulation and is evaluated if there is no reaction, if only a couple of faces or cries.
  • Activity. Muscular tone.  If the muscles are loose, if you have some muscle tone or if there is a constant active movement.
  • Breathing.  Rhythm and respiratory effort.  If you are not breathing, if your breaths are slow or irregular, if you cry normally.

These 5 factors receive a score of 0, 1 or 2, according to what is being observed.  The total score, the higher the better, if your baby gets a result of 7 or higher means that he is in good health.

On the other hand, if you have less than 7 points, you will need help to better adapt to your new environment.  Low scores are usually caused by a high-risk pregnancy, caesarean section, complicated delivery, premature birth or that there is fluid in the baby’s airways.

The APGAR test does not predict how healthy your baby will be later or how its development will be, but it is important that you allow the doctors to perform the test to know if your baby adapted well to the environment, they just like you just want your  baby be healthy

Advanced Fertility Center Cancun, reproduction and assisted fertility clinic

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